AMD vs. Intel: the rivalry has by no means been extra fierce

Should you’re constructing your individual PC, there’s loads of standards to contemplate when molding your machine. What working system do you propose on utilizing? What graphics card shall be finest for gaming? And the place precisely can one purchase all these elements? There’s loads to consider, however one vital determination you’ll be able to’t overlook is whether or not you’ll be utilizing an AMD or Intel processor to your new machine.

A conflict of chips and cores that exhibits no signal of stopping, the age-old battle of AMD vs Intel is a traditional competitors, however is one processor model higher than the opposite? That’s the place we are available in. 

Between AMD’s Ryzen 7000 CPUs and Intel’s 14th-generation Meteor Lake and Raptor Lake Refresh processors, there are many nice options to take a look at. So let’s get this side-by-side comparability began!

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AMD vs. Intel: a quick historical past

Intel Core i9-13900K held between fingertips.
Jacob Roach / Digital Traits

AMD and Intel are two of essentially the most iconic names in PC constructing, and for good cause. For many years, they’ve been duking it out to supply the quickest, most succesful, and most feature-rich processors for players, informal net browsers, and professionals alike. They’ve gone backwards and forwards just a few occasions through the years, with AMD launching groundbreaking designs and Intel responding with revolutionary chips of its personal, however the place Intel maintained a robust grasp on flagship efficiency between 2005 and 2015, AMD actually turned issues round with the launch of its Ryzen processors.

Debuting in 2017, these chips introduced the struggle to Intel in a extra dramatic trend than AMD had managed in over a decade, and ever since then, the competitors has solely elevated. In the present day, Intel and AMD are neck and neck with their newest designs, providing the best CPU efficiency we’ve ever seen in mainstream elements. With extra cores, increased clocks, and new options, the finest processors from Intel and AMD are one thing to get very enthusiastic about.

Desktop processors: a value comparability

Jacob Roach / Digital Traits

AMD and Intel each have large ranges of processors which might be all properly price contemplating in terms of your subsequent improve. The newest mainstream fashions are AMD’s Ryzen 7000 and Intel’s 14th-generation Raptor Lake.

These processors provide as much as 24 cores, clock speeds which have lastly reached 6GHz, and extra cache than even a number of the quickest CPUs of earlier generations might dream of. They’re not dramatically quicker than the earlier, Thirteenth-generation, although, maintaining Intel’s last-gen components nonetheless very related.

Listed below are all the newest mainstream CPUs from AMD and Intel:


Ryzen 9 7950X Ryzen 9 7900X Ryzen 7 7700X Ryzen 5 7600X
Cores/threads 16/32 12/24 8/16 6/12
Cache (L2+L3) 80MB 76MB 40MB 38MB
Base clock 4.5GHz 4.7GHz 4.5GHz 4.7GHz
Increase clock 5.7GHz 5.6GHz 5.4GHz 5.3GHz
TDP 170W 170W 105W 105W
Worth $699 $549 $399 $299


Core i9-14900K Core i7-14700K Core i5-14600K
Cores/threads 24 (8+16)/32 16(8+12)/28 14(6+8)/20
Cache (L2+L3) 68MB 61MB 44MB
Base clock 3.2GHz (P-core), 2.4GHz (E-core) 3.4GHz (P-core), 2.5GHz (E-core) 3.5GHz (P-core), 2.6GHZ (E-core)
Increase clock As much as 6GHz As much as 5.6GHz As much as 5.3GHz
TDP 125W/253W 125W/253W 125W/181W
Worth $590 $410 $320

AMD additionally has a brand new limited-generation Ryzen 8000 APUs, which provide the identical Zen 4 structure because the Ryzen 7000 collection however with extra onboard graphics cores. They’re designed for all-in-one gaming, however their processor efficiency is notably weaker.

AMD and Intel additionally provide credible choices with their last-generation Ryzen 5000 and Twelfth-gen Alder Lake, though these aren’t as quick and don’t help the entire newest options. Each even have very low cost finances choices that may value as little as $50, however they’re solely recommendable for these constructing essentially the most light-weight of PCs.

AMD additionally provides a singular offshoot of its major processors designed particularly for gaming, referred to as 3D V-Cache CPUs. These embrace the 7950X3D and 7800X3D. These processors have further cache bolted on to one of many core advanced dies contained in the chip, giving them a giant increase in gaming energy. It does imply decreasing clock speeds, although, which impacts productiveness efficiency in flip.

Which firm makes the quickest processors?

Someone holding the Ryzen 7 5800X3D in a red light.
Jacob Roach / Digital Traits

Intel and AMD have wonderful processors for gaming and productiveness duties like video enhancing and transcoding. Whereas you will see the perfect bang to your buck across the midrange of each camps (Intel’s Core i5-14600K and AMD’s Ryzen 7700X are specific standouts), the flagship CPUs from each AMD and Intel provide the perfect efficiency in gaming and extra demanding multithreaded workloads.

The Intel Core i9-14900K has 24 cores (8 + 16) and helps as much as 32 threads, whereas the perfect AMD CPU makes use of a extra conventional 16-core and 32-thread structure — although with further cache within the gaming X3D CPUs. Each chip strains are neck and neck in demanding video games and commerce blows in office functions. The place extra full cores will be leveraged, the 14900K and 13900K steal the highest spot, whereas functions that depend on extra highly effective particular person cores lean towards AMD.

You don’t want to purchase the perfect to get a nice CPU for gaming or work, although. At a extra inexpensive value, Intel’s Core i5-13600K and 14600K are a number of the finest bang for the buck CPUs of their generations, providing superb gaming and productiveness efficiency for a a lot cheaper price. AMD can compete on efficiency, however its 7600X falls behind, and the 7700X is costlier, so Intel steals the worth within the midrange for now.

Should you’re centered primarily on gaming, AMD’s 3D V-Cache processors are arguably nonetheless the perfect of the bunch. You’ll be able to see how they carry out in our Ryzen 7 7800X3D overview and Ryzen 9 7950X3D overview.

There are additionally older-generation CPUs price contemplating, too. AMD’s Ryzen 5000 collection are nonetheless very succesful processors, with its 5800X3D being amazingly aggressive with even the newest and best in video games. It’s a useless finish for upgrades, although, because the Ryzen 7000 wants a complete new motherboard and reminiscence configuration. The Intel Twelfth-generation CPUs are nice picks, too, with the 12600K being one other nice standout within the midrange and a transparent improve path to the Thirteenth or 14th technology while you need it.

A group shot of Ryzen 7000 CPUs.
Digital Traits

Each corporations additionally provide intensive ranges of finances CPUs, although you’ll be caught with the earlier technology for now. On Intel’s facet, there’s the wonderful quad-core Core i3-12100F for round $100, whereas AMD’s six-core Ryzen 5 5500 is about $120 and provides comparable efficiency in video games.

Intel might be your best choice for those who construct an inexpensive system with no discrete graphics. Though AMD’s new Ryzen 7000 CPUs have onboard graphics and AMD’s previous-generation APUs are comparatively succesful, they aren’t as inexpensive. You’d spend $130 on a Ryzen 5 5600G or about $100 on an Intel Core i3-12100.

Excessive-end desktop processors

An AMD Threadripper processor in a motherboard.
Digital Traits

If you wish to use your PC for heavy video enhancing at excessive resolutions or carry out intensive video transcoding or CAD work, you want heaps of processing energy throughout loads of cores. The finest mainstream CPUs are nice choices for that, however for those who want much more than the 24 cores of the 14900K, you may need to take into account a high-end desktop (HEDT) CPU.

Though Intel does have HEDT CPUs, just like the 18-core Core i9-10980XE, they’re all severely outdated and simply overwhelmed by the newest high-end mainstream CPUs. As a substitute, for those who want further cores and CPU energy, AMD’s Threadripper Professional vary of Ryzen 7000 CPUs is your finest wager.

AMD’s Threadripper CPUs provide 24, 32, 64, and even 96 cores with help for double that variety of simultaneous threads, all whereas sustaining clock speeds as excessive as 5.1GHz. In case your software program could make use of all these further cores, AMD’s Threadripper CPUs provide unparalleled efficiency exterior of obscenely costly server CPUs, simply outstripping the Intel competitors. Additionally they help a larger variety of PCI-Categorical lanes — 144 versus simply 44 on the Intel alternate options — making them extra suited to bigger storage arrays.

You’ll pay as much as $10,000 for the 96-core 7995WX, however for those who can speed up your work and, due to this fact, earn more cash by utilizing one in every of these CPUs, it might be properly price it. You’ll get 64 cores for half that, although, so be sure that your software can use no matter core depend you’re contemplating.

Laptop computer processors

The Dell XPS 13, open on a table in front of a window.
Digital Traits

The laptop computer market is a unique story. Most notebooks you’ll discover are primarily based on an Intel processor of assorted generations and built-in graphics, however AMD CPUs are rising extra widespread, and the newest Ryzen 6000 and 7000 cellular CPUs provide spectacular efficiency and effectivity.

Proper now, Intel’s newest laptop computer CPUs are largely primarily based on its Raptor Lake technology, although some 14th-generation laptops are making their manner into the market, marked by the change in branding to Core Extremely. Previously, present fashions got here in 4 flavors: low-power U, middle-power P, and high-power H and HX fashions. The P-series has been eliminated, with the H-series starting from a base energy of 28 watts as much as 45 watts.

Typically talking, the extra energy, the quicker the CPU, however there are some H and HX CPUs with fewer cores than others, so efficiency will rely on the duties you might be throwing their manner as a lot because the CPUs themselves. Meteor Lake mixes issues up with the brand new naming scheme, although, with Intel even dropping a video to assist clarify it:

Ryzen cellular CPUs come in several flavors, identical to Intel’s:

  • C — low energy for Chromebooks
  • U — environment friendly efficiency
  • HS — environment friendly excessive efficiency
  • H/HX — highest efficiency

Sometimes, you’ll discover U- and P-type CPUs in lighter, thinner laptops specializing in good battery life, first rate built-in graphics, and total passable efficiency. H and HX CPUs are primarily for gaming and workstation laptops, they usually’ll normally be paired with a strong AMD or Nvidia GPU.

AMD’s Ryzen 7000 chips are worthy rivals, although. As you’ll be able to learn in our Asus ROG Strix Scar 17 overview, they offer Intel a troublesome struggle and proceed to take action immediately. They are typically extra environment friendly, too, in order that they characteristic in laptops with longer battery life. The subsequent technology hasn’t been introduced but, although, because the Ryzen 8040 stays extra of a misnomer than a real subsequent step ahead.

Each AMD and Intel provide credible efficiency for work and play, and there are numerous extra concerns to make when shopping for a laptop computer than the CPU, so particular person mannequin critiques is a should.

Do you have to purchase AMD or Intel?

For on a regular basis net shopping, watching Netflix, and answering emails, Intel and AMD CPUs gives you wonderful efficiency proper out of the field. There are particular duties, although, the place one firm’s choices carry out higher than the others.

Should you’re seeking to work along with your processor performing intensive multithreaded duties like video enhancing or transcoding or heavy multitasking actions with tons of browser tabs open, Intel’s laptop computer CPUs are the quickest, however AMD’s are shut behind and infrequently provide higher battery life. On desktop, it’s a toss-up, with each AMD and Intel delivering unimaginable multithreaded efficiency. You’ll get extra bang to your buck with Intel’s midrange choices, however on the high finish, both camp is nice, and Intel’s CPUs are sometimes way more power-hungry, elevating power payments and temperatures in flip.

Pads on the bottom of the Ryzen 9 7950X.
Jacob Roach / Digital Traits

Should you’re seeking to sport in your desktop, AMD’s Ryzen 7800X3D is the king of the hill, providing flagship gaming efficiency at an inexpensive value and unimaginable effectivity. The 7950X3D is price contemplating for those who use your gaming machine for work too, whereas Intel’s high 14th and Thirteenth technology processors are higher for those who predominantly work along with your PC — simply be ready for a excessive energy draw.

Should you’re nonetheless not sure which chip is finest for you, take a look at our information on shopping for a CPU for extra assist. Alternatively, sit up for the subsequent generations of chips later in 2024. We have Zen 5 and Arrow Lake simply over the horizon.

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